Model Code of Conduct
Model Code of Conduct MCC is set of guidelines issued by Election Commission to regulate conduct of political parties and their candidates in run up to elections. It is aimed at ensuring free and fair elections. The Code doesn’t have any statutory basis and not enforceable by law. But it has indisputable legitimacy and parties across the political spectrum have generally adhered to its letter and spirit. It was issued for the first time in 1971 before 5th Lok Sabha elections. Since then, it has been issued before every central and state election and revised from time to time. The main objective of MCC is to ensure level playing field for all political parties, prevent conflicts between parties, and ensure law and order in heat of election season. Its primary purpose is to ensure that ruling party does not misuse or use government machinery to its advantage for its election campaign purpose. It is applicable to political parties, their candidates and polling agents, government in power and all government employees.